This lists the recognized fifteen (15) Filipino Presidents/heads of state in the history of the Philippines.
The recognized head of state since discovery of the Philippines in 1521 was the King of Spain, represented by the Governor General.
READ: SC halts preparations for Marcos’ burial at Libingan He noted that the plan to bury Marcos at the Libingan was causing “massive unrest among Filipinos who question the heroism of former President Marcos, given the human rights record of the martial law years.” “From both a legal and moral standpoint, many Filipinos, especially victims of the evils of martial law, question the propriety of burying Marcos at the [Libingan],” he said.
“The State, in the spirit of democratic deliberation, may address the simmering controversy through the People’s representatives in Congress, through a legislative act that honors the memories of those who suffered under martial law as well as affords a former President of the Republic a final resting place for his remains,” Roque said.
The proposal met a blistering response from some Filipino social media users.
Ang Pangulo ng Pilipinas ang pinakamataas na pinúnò ng Republika ng Pilipinas.
Diosdado Macapagal (9th President) (1910-1997) Mula: December 30, 1961 Hanggang: December 30, 1965 1.
Ferdinand Marcos (10th President) (1917-1989) Mula: December 30, 1965 Hanggang: February 25, 1986 1.
Ramon Magsaysay (7th President) (1907-1957) Mula: December 30, 1953 Hanggang: March 17, 1957 4. Garcia (8th President) (1896-1971) Mula: March 18, 1957 Hanggang: December 30, 1961 5.
In his explanatory note, Roque noted that various groups, lawmakers, Martial Law victims, and their relatives have opposed transferring Marcos’ remains from Batac, Ilocos Norte to the Libingan ng mga Bayani on September 18 “given the human rights record of the Martial Law years.” “The State, in the spirit of democratic deliberation, may address the simmering controversy through the People’s representatives in Congress, through a legislative act that honors the memories of those who suffered under Martial Law as well as affords a former President of the Republic a final resting place for his remains,” said Roque.
“By renaming the ‘Libingan ng Mga Bayani’ to ‘Libingan ng Mga Bayani at Mga Dating Pangulo,’ we can defer from judging whether a former president was or was not a ‘hero.’ Let the people’s memory be the judge – not the whims of a certain administration,” the lawmaker added.
Turning the debate on Marcos’ burial at Libingan ng mga Bayani (heroes’ cemetery) on its head, a party-list representative now seeks to rename the burial ground to “Libingan ng Mga Bayani at Mga Dating Pangulo” (Cemetery for Heroes and former Presidents). The issue of transferring Marcos’ remains from a refrigerated crypt in his Batac hometown in Ilocos Norte to the Libingan has long divided Filipinos, as memories of abuses and atrocities during his regime linger, especially among human rights victims.
Marcos died in September 1989 while in exile in Hawaii, two years after he was ousted by a peaceful people power uprising on Edsa.